Conditions of the Hand & Wrist

Click on the headings below to read more about hand and wrist conditions.



This condition is a break of the radius bone at the wrist. The radius is the larger of the two ones that connect the wrist to the elbow. The other bone is called the ulna. The radius supports the majority of forces at the wrist joint with its large joint surface. A fracture of the distal end of the radius – the end nearest the wrist -is one of the most common types of fractures. It may be part of a complex injury that involves other tissues, nerves and bones of the wrist.



If your finger is dislocated, that means a bone has been forced out of its normal position. It’s a
common, painful injury, and one that needs proper treatment.



If you’ve fractured a finger, you’ve broken one or more of the finger bones we call “phalanges.” Each
individual bone is called a “phalanx.” You’ve got three in each finger, and two in each thumb. They
are supported by a network of soft tissues that can also be damaged during a fracture.



The flexor tendons of the hand are responsible for flexion of the fingers and thumb toward the palm.
These long structures are connected to the flexor muscles in the forearm. An injury to one of these
tendons can cause pain and inability to flex the finger or thumb and grasp with the hand. Common
flexor tendon injuries include lacerations, ruptures and inflammation.



This condition is a fracture, or break, of one or more of the metacarpal bones of the hand. The fracture may be nondisplaced, in which the bones remain
aligned, or displaced, in which the fractured ends shift out of alignment. Without proper treatment, the bones may not heal correctly. This can result in improper alignment of the fingers, leading to poor
hand function.



Complex networks of nerves travel through your hands and fingers. If you injure a hand or a finger, you can damage these delicate nerves. Without proper care, a nerve injury can cause permanent problems.



A scaphoid fracture, one of the most common types of wrist fractures, is a break in the scaphoid bone.
The scaphoid, one of the most important bones in the wrist, has a limited blood supply. An improperly
treated scaphoid fracture can result in significant wrist pain, arthritis, and loss of motion.



This condition, also called skier’s thumb, is an acute sprain or tear of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) on the ulnar side of the metacarpal-phalangeal (MCP) joint of the thumb. A related condition, called gamekeeper’s thumb, is a chronic injury that develops over time from
repeated stretching of the UCL.



This common condition, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a narrowing of a portion of the tendon sheath in the finger or thumb that interferes with normal finger movement. This condition most commonly affects the ring finger, but can affect any digit. It is more common in middle-aged women, but anyone can be affected, even newborns.



This condition is a stretching or tearing of the volar plate, which can allow the finger to hyperextend
and can interfere with normal hand function. The volar plate is a strong ligamentous structure on the
underside of the finger at the point where the proximal and middle phalanx bones meet, called
the proximal interphalangeal joint (or PIP joint). The volar plate keeps the finger from bending
backwards at the PIP joint, and, together with the collateral ligaments, stabilizes the PIP joint from
displacement.



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